# Ontario Elementary Grade 4 Mathematics Curriculum

The following are highlights of student learning in Grade 4. They are provided to give teachers and parents a quick overview of the mathematical knowledge and skills that students are expected to acquire in each strand in this grade.

**Number Sense and Numeration:** representing and ordering numbers to 10 000; representing money amounts to $100; developing the concept of place value to tenths; representing and comparing fractions using fractional notation; adding and subtracting three-digit numbers in a

variety of ways; multiplying and dividing two-digit whole numbers by one-digit whole numbers;relating halves, fifths, and tenths to decimals

**Measurement:** measuring length using millimetres; measuring time intervals to the nearest minute; determining elapsed time; measuring mass in grams and capacity in millilitres; measuring volume using concrete materials; determining area and perimeter relationships for rectangles;

comparing the mass and capacity of objects using standard units; relating years to decades and decades to centuries

**Geometry and Spatial Sense:** identifying geometric properties of parallelograms; classifying two-dimensional shapes by geometric properties (number of sides, angles, and symmetry); identifying a straight angle, a right angle, and half a right angle; classifying prisms and pyramids

by geometric properties; constructing three-dimensional figures in a variety of ways; describing location using a grid system; performing and describing reflections

**Patterning and Algebra:** relating the term and the term number in a numeric sequence; generating patterns that involve addition, subtraction,multiplication, and reflections; determining the missing numbers in equations involving multiplication of one- and two-digit numbers;

using the commutative and distributive properties to facilitate computation

**Data Management and Probability:** collecting and organizing discrete data; reading and displaying data using stem-and-leaf plots and double bar graphs; understanding median; comparing two related sets of data; predicting the frequency of an outcome; investigating how the

number of repetitions of a probability experiment affects the conclusion drawn

This is an excerpt from the original document. Intention is to quickly help you look at the curriculum and find related worksheets. For complete details and to download original document, please visit - http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/curriculum/elementary/grades.html

**Disclaimer:**This site is not responsible for correctness and completeness of the curriculum content presented above. In case of any doubt, please refer to the information and/or document on the official website.